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Florida Constitution Revision Commission

PUB 700598: Homestead Exemption Addition by D Michael Chesser

ARTICLE X: MISCELLANEOUS, Section 4. Homestead; exemptions.

SECTION 4.Homestead; exemptions.
  1. There shall be exempt from forced sale under process of any court, and no judgment, decree or execution shall be a lien thereon, except for the payment of taxes and assessments thereon, obligations contracted for the purchase, improvement or repair thereof, or obligations contracted for house, field or other labor performed on the realty, the following property owned by a natural person:
    1. a homestead, if located outside a municipality, to the extent of one hundred sixty acres of contiguous land and improvements thereon, which shall not be reduced without the owner's consent by reason of subsequent inclusion in a municipality; or if located within a municipality, to the extent of one-half acre of contiguous land, upon which the exemption shall be limited to the residence of the owner or the owner's family;
    2. personal property to the value of one thousand dollars.
  2. These exemptions shall inure to the surviving spouse or heirs of the owner.
  3. The homestead shall not be subject to devise if the owner is survived by spouse or minor child, except the homestead may be devised to the owner's spouse if there be no minor child. The owner of homestead real estate, joined by the spouse if married, may alienate the homestead by mortgage, sale or gift and, if married, may by deed transfer the title to an estate by the entirety with the spouse. If the owner or spouse is incompetent, the method of alienation or encumbrance shall be as provided by law.
  4. Notwithstanding subsection (a), a homestead is not exempt from creditor claims if an owner:
    1. Obtained the homestead using the proceeds from a fraudulent or dishonest act; or
    2. Caused the creditor's damages or losses by an intentional criminal or fraudulent act.

The legislature may enact implementing legislation consistent with the purposes of subsection (d), and such legislation may include, but is not limited to, limitations periods and protections for an innocent spouse or dependents.

Referenced in Filed Proposal/Amendment

Filed Proposal Version - Introducer Amendment - Sponsor Proposal Filed Date
P 0017 - Gaetz   10/18/2017