CRC - 2017 P 45 By Commissioner Donalds donaldse-00074-17 201745__ 1 A proposal to amend 2 Section 1 of Article IX of the State Constitution to 3 specify that no provision of the State Constitution 4 may be construed to limit the Legislature from making 5 provision for other educational services that are 6 beneficial to the children and families of this state. 7 8 Be It Proposed by the Constitution Revision Commission of 9 Florida: 10 11 Section 1 of Article IX of the State Constitution is 12 amended to read: 13 ARTICLE IX 14 EDUCATION 15 SECTION 1. Public education.— 16 (a) The education of children is a fundamental value of the 17 people of the State of Florida. It is, therefore, a paramount 18 duty of the state to make adequate provision for the education 19 of all children residing within its borders. Adequate provision 20 shall be made by law for a uniform, efficient, safe, secure, and 21 high quality system of free public schools allowing the 22 opportunity for each student
that allows studentsto obtain a 23 high quality education. Provision shall be made andfor the 24 establishment, maintenance, and operation of institutions of 25 higher learning and other public education programs that the 26 needs of the people may require. Nothing herein may be construed 27 to limit the legislature from making provision for other 28 educational services that benefit the children and families of 29 this state that are in addition to the system of free public 30 schools. To assure that children attending public schools obtain 31 a high quality education, the legislature shall make adequate 32 provision to ensure that, by the beginning of the 2010 school 33 year, there are a sufficient number of classrooms so that: 34 (1) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each 35 teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for 36 prekindergarten through grade 3 does not exceed 18 students; 37 (2) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each 38 teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for grades 4 39 through 8 does not exceed 22 students; and 40 (3) The maximum number of students who are assigned to each 41 teacher who is teaching in public school classrooms for grades 9 42 through 12 does not exceed 25 students. 43 44 The class size requirements of this subsection do not apply to 45 extracurricular classes. Payment of the costs associated with 46 reducing class size to meet these requirements is the 47 responsibility of the state and not of local schools districts. 48 Beginning with the 2003-2004 fiscal year, the legislature shall 49 provide sufficient funds to reduce the average number of 50 students in each classroom by at least two students per year 51 until the maximum number of students per classroom does not 52 exceed the requirements of this subsection. 53 (b) Every four-year old child in Florida shall be provided 54 by the State a high quality pre-kindergarten learning 55 opportunity in the form of an early childhood development and 56 education program which shall be voluntary, high quality, free, 57 and delivered according to professionally accepted standards. An 58 early childhood development and education program means an 59 organized program designed to address and enhance each child’s 60 ability to make age appropriate progress in an appropriate range 61 of settings in the development of language and cognitive 62 capabilities and emotional, social, regulatory and moral 63 capacities through education in basic skills and such other 64 skills as the Legislature may determine to be appropriate. 65 (c) The early childhood education and development programs 66 provided by reason of subparagraph (b) shall be implemented no 67 later than the beginning of the 2005 school year through funds 68 generated in addition to those used for existing education, 69 health, and development programs. Existing education, health, 70 and development programs are those funded by the State as of 71 January 1, 2002 that provided for child or adult education, 72 health care, or development.