CRC - 2017 P 42 By Commissioner Schifino schifinow-00067-17 201742__ 1 A proposal to amend 2 Section 11 of Article V and create a new section in 3 Article XII of the State Constitution to specify the 4 composition of judicial nominating commissions, to 5 establish terms of membership on a commission, and to 6 require appointing authorities to the commissions to 7 consider diversity in making appointments. 8 9 Be It Proposed by the Constitution Revision Commission of 10 Florida: 11 12 Section 11 of Article V of the State Constitution is 13 amended to read: 14 ARTICLE V 15 JUDICIARY 16 SECTION 11. Vacancies.— 17 (a) Whenever a vacancy occurs in a judicial office to which 18 election for retention applies, the governor shall fill the 19 vacancy by appointing for a term ending on the first Tuesday 20 after the first Monday in January of the year following the next 21 general election occurring at least one year after the date of 22 appointment, one of not fewer than three persons nor more than 23 six persons nominated by the appropriate judicial nominating 24 commission. 25 (b) The governor shall fill each vacancy on a circuit court 26 or on a county court, wherein the judges are elected by a 27 majority vote of the electors, by appointing for a term ending 28 on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January of the 29 year following the next primary and general election occurring 30 at least one year after the date of appointment, one of not 31 fewer than three persons nor more than six persons nominated by 32 the appropriate judicial nominating commission. An election 33 shall be held to fill that judicial office for the term of the 34 office beginning at the end of the appointed term. 35 (c) The nominations shall be made within thirty days from 36 the occurrence of a vacancy unless the period is extended by the 37 governor for a time not to exceed thirty days. The governor 38 shall make the appointment within sixty days after the 39 nominations have been certified to the governor. 40 (d) There shall be a separate judicial nominating 41 commission as provided by general law for the supreme court, 42 each district court of appeal, and each judicial circuit for all 43 trial courts within the circuit. Uniform rules of procedure 44 shall be established by the judicial nominating commissions at 45 each level of the court system. Such rules, or any part thereof, 46 may be repealed by general law enacted by a majority vote of the 47 membership of each house of the legislature, or by the supreme 48 court, five justices concurring. Except for deliberations of the 49 judicial nominating commissions, the proceedings of the 50 commissions and their records shall be open to the public. 51 (1) Each judicial nominating commission shall be composed 52 of the following: 53 a. Three members appointed by the board of governors of the 54 bar of Florida from among bar members who are actively engaged 55 in the practice of law with offices within the territorial 56 jurisdiction of the affected court, or in the district or 57 circuit; 58 b. Three electors who reside in the territorial 59 jurisdiction of the court or in the circuit appointed by the 60 governor; and 61 c. Three electors who reside in the territorial 62 jurisdiction of the court or in the circuit and who are not 63 members of the bar of Florida, selected and appointed by a 64 majority vote of the other six members of the commission. 65 (2) A justice or judge may not be a member of a judicial 66 nominating commission. A member of a judicial nominating 67 commission may hold public office other than judicial office. A 68 member of a judicial nominating commission is not eligible for 69 appointment to state judicial office for which that commission 70 has the authority to make nominations, either during such term 71 of membership or for a period of 2 years thereafter. All acts of 72 a judicial nominating commission shall be made with a 73 concurrence of a majority of its members. 74 (3) A member of a judicial nominating commission shall 75 serve a term of 4 years and is not eligible for consecutive 76 reappointment. A member of a judicial nominating commission may 77 be suspended by the governor and removed by the senate for cause 78 pursuant to uniform rules of procedure established by the 79 judicial nominating commissions consistent with Section 7, 80 Article IV of this Constitution. 81 (4) In making an appointment, the governor, the board of 82 governors of the bar of Florida, and members of the judicial 83 nominating commissions shall seek to provide appointments to the 84 commissions that reflect diversity as to ethnicity, race, and 85 gender, and provide geographic distribution of the population 86 within the territorial jurisdiction of the court for which 87 nominations will be considered. The governor, the board of 88 governors of the bar of Florida, and members of the judicial 89 nominating commissions shall also consider the adequacy of 90 representation of each county within the judicial circuit. 91 92 A new section is added to Article XII of the State 93 Constitution to read: 94 ARTICLE XII 95 SCHEDULE 96 Composition of judicial nominating commissions.—The 97 amendment to Section 11 of Article V, which relates to the 98 composition of judicial nominating commissions, shall take 99 effect July 1, 2019.